Usually, without a thorough inspection, the locations of mold and mildew can be predicted by seeing the availability of sources of moisture, organic matter or water in the house. To be able to grow and build colonies, mold and mildew need moisture (above 45%), organic matter (e.g. wood) and water (not well-dried within 48 hours). Mold and mildew are not visible until they come to further stage where they cause discoloration, condensation and mildew smell. Mold and mildew at that stage can create health and damage risks; furthermore, the smell can create a poor air quality and is harmful for lungs due to its sulfur content.
To get permanent cleaning results, the homeowners may need to hire a consultant in Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) or mold remediation contractor. They will do a thorough inspection, identify the root problem, fix the problem and formulate a preventive plan after mold cleanup.
Steps in Cleaning Mold and Mildew
The bathroom, laundry room, kitchen, attic, and basement are the places where mold and mildew like to live. The places are dark, damp and warm – a perfect breeding ground for mold and mildew. If mold and mildew are found growing in the places, wipe down the surfaces where the mold and mildew grow. However, if the infection is as large as 10 square feet or more, you need the help of a professional cleaning service. During the mold and mildew cleanup, there are, at least, four steps done.
Step 1. Doing an inspection, identifying the root problem and fix it Moisture is the culprit of almost all problems associated with mold and mildew. To fix it, a professional cleaner will have to reduce the indoor moisture level by repairing any leak or using a dehumidifier.
Step 2. Isolating the affected area Mold and mildew can grow back as long as the spores can have a source of moisture, water and organic material. That is why preventing the spores from spreading to other parts of the house is imperative. A professional house cleaner usually uses 6mil plastic sheeting over the floor, walls and all openings such as vents, windows and doors.
Step 3. Use protective equipment The spores and smell of mold and mildew can create respiratory problems and other health problems, a professional cleaner will use Personal Protective Equipment such as a dust mask or a breathing respirator with HEPA cartridges, rubber gloves and goggles. Additionally, the cleaner is also equipped with a HEPA vacuum that can filter tiny particles and avoid them from spreading away.
Step 4. Cleaning mold and mildew Mold and mildew removal is usually done using strength chemicals. The chemicals can be made at home or bought in the nearby stores. A beach solution or a biocide such as sporicide is usually strong enough to remove mold and mildew. Besides, tea tree oil, grapefruit seed extract, apple vinegar, baking soda, hydrogen peroxide and borax solutions can also be used as homemade cleaners. To remove the mold and mildew, soak a damp rag in the solution and wipe down the affected areas. If the areas are heavily affected, the professional cleaner can spray the areas with the solution and let it stand for a while before wiping down and vacuuming the areas.
There are 50-100 types of indoor mold known; each of them usually needs a special treatment. It would be best to leave the mold and mildew removal to the professional cleaning services near Danbury CT, if you want permanent results in cleaning mold and mildew.